The relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes
Background. Diabetes is accompanied by multi-dimensional physical, mental, and family-related consequences.
For this reason, exploring levels of spiritual well-being and life orientation among elderly people
and designing learning intervals to improve their spiritual well-being and optimism can improve quality of life,
increase treatment-regimen adherence, and reduce complications in this vulnerable group. This study aims to
determine the relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.
Methods. This correlational descriptive study was carried out in 2016. The convenience method was used
for sampling and the participants were 145 elderly people who attended a healthcare center. The data were
gathered using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp)
and the Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-r) questionnaires. The data entry and analysis were conducted using
SPSS, version 21.
Results. The participants’ total scores for spiritual well-being and the FACIT-Sp questionnaire were 31.37 ± 7.95
and 130.66 ± 31.74, respectively. The results of the Pearson correlation coefficient indicated an inverse statistical
correlation between spiritual well-being and life orientation (r = .612, p = 0.001).
Conclusions. The results of this study show that spirituality may play the main role in creating an optimistic
life orientation. Educational learning intervals that focus on spiritual well-being are recommended to improve
elderly people’s quality of life.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2018
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