Original investigation
Published: 2018-09-15

The relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes

Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
Spiritual well-being Life orientation Elderly people Type 2 diabetes

Abstract

Background. Diabetes is accompanied by multi-dimensional physical, mental, and family-related consequences.
For this reason, exploring levels of spiritual well-being and life orientation among elderly people
and designing learning intervals to improve their spiritual well-being and optimism can improve quality of life,
increase treatment-regimen adherence, and reduce complications in this vulnerable group. This study aims to
determine the relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.
Methods. This correlational descriptive study was carried out in 2016. The convenience method was used
for sampling and the participants were 145 elderly people who attended a healthcare center. The data were
gathered using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp)
and the Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-r) questionnaires. The data entry and analysis were conducted using
SPSS, version 21.
Results. The participants’ total scores for spiritual well-being and the FACIT-Sp questionnaire were 31.37 ± 7.95
and 130.66 ± 31.74, respectively. The results of the Pearson correlation coefficient indicated an inverse statistical
correlation between spiritual well-being and life orientation (r = .612, p = 0.001).
Conclusions. The results of this study show that spirituality may play the main role in creating an optimistic
life orientation. Educational learning intervals that focus on spiritual well-being are recommended to improve
elderly people’s quality of life.

Affiliations

S. Faghani

Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

A. Shamsalinia

Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

F. Ghaffari

Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

N. Yadegari

Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2018

How to Cite

[1]
Faghani, S., Shamsalinia, A., Ghaffari, F. and Yadegari, N. 2018. The relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. 66, 3 (Sep. 2018), 142-148.
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