Original investigation
Published: 2018-12-15

Elderly patients are not at higher risk of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Foggia, Italy
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Department of Urology, Institut Montsouris, Paris, France
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy
Urinary incontinence Radical prostatectomy Elderly, Nerve-sparing surgery

Abstract

Background and aims. The impact of age on urinary continence recovery after retropubic radical prostatectomy
is debated. We tested the impact of age on urinary continence after RRP by comparing 3 age groups,
namely < 60 years, 60 to 70 years, and > 70 years.
Methods. From our prospectively-maintained database on retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP), we identified
patients aging < 60 (Group 1), 60-70 (Group 2) and > 70 years (Group 3). Postoperatively, all patients were
referred to our continence nurses who assessed them by 24-h pad test and the International Consultation
Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-short form)at one week, then monthly for the first year, and then biannually.
Patients with a 24-h pad test ≤ 20gr were considered continent.
Results. A total of 498 patients met the inclusion criteria, 108 in Group 1, 263 in Group 2 and 127 in Group 3.
Continence recovery rate progressively increased over time in all groups. In spite of group 3 having a trend
towards a lower continence rate, differences among groups were not statistically significant. Interestingly, multivariate
analysis pointed out that, in spite of elderly patients having greater prostate volume and lower rate of
nerve-sparing procedures, no factor including age significantly predicted continence recovery.
Conclusions. Continence recovery after retropubic radical prostatectomy is a complex phenomenon. The
present study pointed out that, after having taken into account potentially relevant tested variables, elderly
patients were not at higher risk of urinary incontinence after this procedure.

Affiliations

N. d’Altilia

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

M. Di Nauta

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

U.G. Falagario

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

B. Calò

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

O. Selvaggio

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

F. Sanguedolce

Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Foggia, Italy

V. Mancini

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

G. Stallone

Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

E. Barret

Department of Urology, Institut Montsouris, Paris, France

L. Cormio

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

G. Carrieri

Urology and Renal Transplantation Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Foggia, Italy

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2018

How to Cite

[1]
d’Altilia, N., Di Nauta, M., Falagario, U., Calò, B., Selvaggio, O., Sanguedolce, F., Mancini, V., Stallone, G., Barret, E., Cormio, L. and Carrieri, G. 2018. Elderly patients are not at higher risk of urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. 66, 4 (Dec. 2018), 168-172.
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