Clinical Geriatrics
Published: 2020-07-15

Falls in the elderly: a major public health challenge with some encouraging developments. A mini review

Health Promotion Switzerland, Bern, and Institute of Global Health, University of Geneva, Switzerland
falls elderly prevention trends risk factors

Abstract

Falls are among the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Well-known risk factors are reduced physical activity, obstacles in the environment, balance and gait disorders, depression and neurological diseases. The gravity of trauma related to falls has been studied extensively, the main predictors of a harmful development within 12 months of a fall being dementia, old age, the level of dependency and restricted mobility. Efficient prevention interventions do exist, especially exercise-based interventions and assessment and modification of the home environment. A shift in the trend of falls among the elderly has indeed been reported in several Western countries: since the 1990s, rates of fall-related injuries have declined in countries such as Finland, Sweden, Canada and Switzerland.

Affiliations

Thomas Mattig

Health Promotion Switzerland, Bern, and Institute of Global Health, University of Geneva, Switzerland

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2020

How to Cite

[1]
Mattig, T. 2020. Falls in the elderly: a major public health challenge with some encouraging developments. A mini review. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. (Jul. 2020). DOI:https://doi.org/10.36150/2499-6564-428.
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