Clinical Geriatrics
Published: 2020-07-15

A multicentre survey on the sociodemographic characteristics of Italian elderly inmates

Department Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy
Law Department University of Brescia, Italy
Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy
Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy
Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy
Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy
Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy
Law Department University of Brescia, Italy
Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Genoa, Italy
Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy
elderly prison crimes epidemiological study recidivism inmates

Abstract

Background & aim. In 2017, Italian inmates 60-69 years old were 3700, while 776 had an age >=70 years. This article aimed to analyse the socio-demographic characteristics and types of crimes committed by elderly subjects restricted in different Italian prisons. Methods. A survey has been conducted in 8 penitentiary institutes: 4 located in Lombardy, and 4 in Apulia. The participation was anonymous and voluntary. By using a standardised format, age, gender, nationality, marital status, last occupation, type of crime, and duration of the punishment were assessed. In the case of previous convictions, additional data were also collected. All records were analysed as aggregates to guarantee privacy preservation. Results. The population was mainly represented by males (93.6%), married or living with a partner (46.8%). The most prevalent crimes committed by the elderlies belongs to the category against the property (33.1%) followed soon after by those against the person (27.7%), other offences (14%), drug-related (13.8%) and mafia-type crimes (11.7%). The Southern inmates were more frequently responsible for crimes against the person (38%), while property crimes (61%) were more recurrent in the Northern inmates. Sixty-four prisoners (68.8%) were already found guilty in the past for other misconducts. The Northern inmates were more frequently recidivist, with a higher number of previous convictions (p = 0.010) and detentions (p = 0.012) compared to the Southern prisoners. Conclusions. Committing crimes in older age is strongly different from being a criminal in young or adult age, especially for the complexity that per se characterizes the older population.

Affiliations

Graziamaria Corbi

Department Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Molise, Campobasso, Italy

Carlo Alberto Romano

Law Department University of Brescia, Italy

Carlo Pietro Campobasso

Department of Experimental Medicine, University of Campania “L. Vanvitelli”, Naples, Italy

Anna Convertini

Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy

Liliana Dassisti

Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy

Antonella Rita Fanizza

Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy

Federica Misceo

Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy

Luisa Ravagnani

Law Department University of Brescia, Italy

Luigi Ferrannini

Facoltà di Medicina e Chirurgia, Università di Genoa, Italy

Ignazio Grattagliano

Department of Educational Sciences, Psychology and Communication, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, Bari, Italy

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2020

How to Cite

[1]
Corbi, G., Romano, C.A., Campobasso, C.P., Convertini, A., Dassisti, L., Fanizza, A.R., Misceo, F., Ravagnani, L., Ferrannini, L. and Grattagliano, I. 2020. A multicentre survey on the sociodemographic characteristics of Italian elderly inmates. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. (Jul. 2020). DOI:https://doi.org/10.36150/2499-6564-409.
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