Review
Published: 2020-06-15

Swallowing and secretory senescence

ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy
ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy
ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy
ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy
presbyphagia xerostomia elderly swallowing function dysphagia

Abstract

Glandular senescence is a pathophysiological process that can alter the swallowing process in all its stages. The production of saliva in the elderly changes both qualitatively and quantitatively; qualitative alterations are more objective than quantitative alterations, whose measurement methods are still under discussion. In the elderly, xerostomia is not always related to hyposalivation, and hyposalivation is not strictly related to glandular senescence. In these patients, a reduced functional reserve can turn a physiological presbyphagia to a pathological dysphagia. The analysis and recognition of the signs and symptoms of this process require a multidisciplinary approach and the implementation of appropriate therapies.

Affiliations

Umberto Caliceti

ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy

Maria Grazia Lo Russo

ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy

Giulia Mattucci

ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy

Monica Guidotti

ENT Unit, Sant’Orsola-Malpighi University Hospital, Bologna, Italy

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2020

How to Cite

[1]
Caliceti, U., Lo Russo, M.G., Mattucci, G. and Guidotti, M. 2020. Swallowing and secretory senescence. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. 68, 02 Special (Jun. 2020), 77-84. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36150/2499-6564-484.
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