Review
Published: 2020-06-15

The secretory senescence of the oro-pharyngo-laryngeal tract

Department of Sensorial Organs, ENT Section, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Department of Sensorial Organs, ENT Section, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
Department of Sensorial Organs, ENT Section, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
ENT University Unit, ASL Latina, Italy
ENT University Unit, ASL Latina, Italy
ENT Unit of Santo Spirito Hospital, Pescara, Italy
Department of Otorhinolaryngology “Mons. Dimiccoli”, Barletta, Italy
ENT Unit, Policlinico di Bari, Italy
ENT Unit, Policlinico di Bari, Italy
Department of Otorhinolaryngology “Mons. Dimiccoli”, Barletta, Italy
Department of Otorhinolaryngology “Mons. Dimiccoli”, Barletta, Italy
salivary glands oral cavity xerostomia senescence secretory system pharyngo-laryngeal tract immune defence

Abstract

Saliva is an essential body fluid. It is important in maintaining oral health, taste acuity, mastication, deglutition, digestion, regulation of oral flora, oral cleansing, voice acuity, and speech articulation. In the elderly, the glandular parenchyma undergoes involution of the cellular component, and this leads to a reduction in the production of saliva. Qualitative and quantitative alterations of this biological fluid can cause patient discomfort and quality of life decline. This often translates into xerostomia, whose real meaning is mouth dryness. We will discuss here causes of xerostomia in the elderly, such as drugs, head and neck radiotherapy, and autoimmune diseases.

Affiliations

Andrea Gallo

Department of Sensorial Organs, ENT Section, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Veronica Clemenzi

Department of Sensorial Organs, ENT Section, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Andrea Stolfa

Department of Sensorial Organs, ENT Section, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy

Giulio Pagliuca

ENT University Unit, ASL Latina, Italy

Ferdinando Maria Nobili Benedetti

ENT University Unit, ASL Latina, Italy

Claudio Caporale

ENT Unit of Santo Spirito Hospital, Pescara, Italy

Alessandro Maselli del Giudice

Department of Otorhinolaryngology “Mons. Dimiccoli”, Barletta, Italy

Teresa Maino

ENT Unit, Policlinico di Bari, Italy

Valentina de Robertis

ENT Unit, Policlinico di Bari, Italy

Francesco Cariti

Department of Otorhinolaryngology “Mons. Dimiccoli”, Barletta, Italy

Francesco Barbara

Department of Otorhinolaryngology “Mons. Dimiccoli”, Barletta, Italy

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2020

How to Cite

[1]
Gallo, A., Clemenzi, V., Stolfa, A., Pagliuca, G., Nobili Benedetti, F.M., Caporale, C., Maselli del Giudice, A., Maino, T., de Robertis, V., Cariti, F. and Barbara, F. 2020. The secretory senescence of the oro-pharyngo-laryngeal tract. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. 68, 02 Special (Jun. 2020), 69-76. DOI:https://doi.org/10.36150/2499-6564-483.
  • Abstract viewed - 8 times
  • PDF downloaded - 1 times