Published: 2016-12-15

GOLD is not “GOLD”: applicability of guidelines in the complex elderly patient

DIBIMIS, Palermo University, Palermo, Italy
Dyspnea Lung hyperinflation Comorbidities Inhaled device Adherence


COPD is a common chronic respiratory disease, and its prevalence is steadily increasing worldwide. The main
symptom of the disease is exertional dyspnea, which tends to worsen with increasing severity of the disease.
The main pathogenetic mechanism of dyspnea is lung hyperinflation, which is caused by structural alterations
of the peripheral airways and of the lung connective tissue. Therefore, a comprehensive lung function assessment
is mandatory to characterize the functional abnormalities associated with the disease, and to monitor
the progression of the disease and the response to treatment. However, as stated by the GOLD recommendations,
the occurrence of comorbid condition is frequent in individuals affected by COPD, and these should be
treated independently. Indeed, comorbidities may interfere with the management of the disease, and complicate
its course. It follows that the main target of treatment are represented by chronic airway inflammation and
airway obstruction on one hand, and by the concomitant diseases on the other hand.


N. Scichilone

DIBIMIS, Palermo University, Palermo, Italy


© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2016

How to Cite

Scichilone, N. 2016. GOLD is not “GOLD”: applicability of guidelines in the complex elderly patient. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. 64, 4 (Dec. 2016), 131-134.
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