Original investigation
Published: 2017-12-15

High fish consumption decreased the likelihood of depressive symptoms in community-living older people: a randomized-controlled trial

Department of Immunology, Avicenna Research Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Immunology, Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Modern Sciences & Technologies, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Older adults Interventional study Fishes Randomized controlled trial Depression

Abstract

Background and aims. This study was an attempt to examine the interventional relationship between regular
fish consumption and depression among the elderly, Mashhad, Iran.
Methods. A total of 96 adults who aged 60 years or over was recruited and then divided into groups A and
B. The subjects’ initial eligibility was tested using Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Group A received fish four
times a week whereas their peers in group B consumed fish two or fewer times per week. The outcome measures
were 12-item general health questionnaire (GHQ-12) and 15-item Geriatric Depression scale (GDS-15).
Results. The results indicated that GHQ and GDS scores decreased non-considerably following three-month
intervention. Fish consumption was associated with a lower likelihood of depression (dichotomized GDS:
OR[odds ratio] = 0.73, 95% CI[confidence interval] = 0.28-1.87, p = 0.618; dichotomized GHQ: OR = 0.67,
95% CI = 0.26-1.73; p = 0.334).
Conclusions. It could be concluded that diet supplementation of the elderly with fish decreased the likelihood
of depressive symptoms. However, this improvement was not statistically significant.

Affiliations

A. Shapouri-Moghaddam

Department of Immunology, Avicenna Research Institute, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

M. Bagherniya

Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

S.-M. Ehteshamfar

Department of Immunology, Immunology Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

H. Rahimi

Department of Modern Sciences & Technologies, Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

M. Safarian

Department of Nutrition, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran

Copyright

© Società Italiana di Gerontologia e Geriatria (SIGG) , 2017

How to Cite

[1]
Shapouri-Moghaddam, A., Bagherniya, M., Ehteshamfar, S.-M., Rahimi, H. and Safarian, M. 2017. High fish consumption decreased the likelihood of depressive symptoms in community-living older people: a randomized-controlled trial. JOURNAL OF GERONTOLOGY AND GERIATRICS. 65, 4 (Dec. 2017), 232-237.
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