The relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes

S. Faghani, A. Shamsalinia, F. Ghaffari, N. Yadegari

Nursing Care Research Center, Health Research Institute, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Background. Diabetes is accompanied by multi-dimensional physical, mental, and family-related consequences. For this reason, exploring levels of spiritual well-being and life orientation among elderly people and designing learning intervals to improve their spiritual well-being and optimism can improve quality of life, increase treatment-regimen adherence, and reduce complications in this vulnerable group. This study aims to determine the relationship between spiritual well-being and life orientation in elderly people with type 2 diabetes.

Methods. This correlational descriptive study was carried out in 2016. The convenience method was used for sampling and the participants were 145 elderly people who attended a healthcare center. The data were gathered using the Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy – Spiritual Well-Being Scale (FACIT-Sp) and the Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-r) questionnaires. The data entry and analysis were conducted using SPSS, version 21.

Results. The participants’ total scores for spiritual well-being and the FACIT-Sp questionnaire were 31.37 ± 7.95 and 130.66 ± 31.74, respectively. The results of the Pearson correlation coefficient indicated an inverse statistical correlation between spiritual well-being and life orientation (r =  .612, p = 0.001). 

Conclusions. The results of this study show that spirituality may play the main role in creating an optimistic life orientation. Educational learning intervals that focus on spiritual well-being are recommended to improve elderly people’s quality of life.

Download PDF